The Basic Strokes of Swimming

The basic strokes of swimming are: front crawl, backstroke, and sidestroke. Learn these and get started swimming faster! If you want to be more competitive, you can combine them into different races. The front crawl is probably the most common, but the Backstroke and sidestroke are also very effective.

Front crawl

The front crawl is one of the most basic strokes of swimming, and it involves bending the elbow and stretching the arm muscles to propel the body forward. The front crawl is the most common stroke used for learning how to swim and for improving your swimming technique. The front crawl consists of three phases, which are the arm stroke, the catch phase, and the glide phase. The first phase of the front crawl starts by bending the elbow and wrist with the palm of the hand facing away from the body. During the catch phase, the leading arm pulls back against the water, while the trailing arm pushes water toward your feet or side.

The front crawl is one of the fastest and most efficient swimming strokes. This style is very elegant and cuts through the water smoothly. It can be tricky to master, but you can learn a breathing technique that will help you improve your technique and become a better front crawler. You should also make sure that your legs sink without kicking too hard.

The backstroke is a variation on the front crawl, which uses similar movements. The only difference between this stroke and the front crawl is that the backstroke is performed on the back. This type of swimming is often recommended by doctors for patients with back problems.


The backstroke is one of the fastest swimming strokes. Developed to improve back muscles, it begins with the swimmer floating on his or her back. The arms should alternate pulling and pushing while the legs should kick in a flutter motion. This swimming stroke is ideally performed with a torso that is relaxed and in alignment with the body.

The breaststroke is one of the slowest of the four Olympic strokes. It requires precise timing. As the arms and legs move in a triangle pattern, the swimmer must lift his or her head and breathe. The arm motion should be symmetrical. The kick is also symmetrical. When the arms extend forward, the swimmer should make sure that his or her hands touch the wall at the same time.

The backstroke is the most powerful stroke. The arms should be extended at the shoulder level. The head and body should be kept in a neutral position and the face should be turned upward. The backstroke is similar to the front crawl, but involves alternating front and backstroke movements. The leading arm pulls water toward the body while the trailing arm pushes water forward and away from the body.

The elementary backstroke is an excellent way for beginners to become familiar with the water. The arm motions should be coordinated with the open and close motion of the arms. The backswing kicks are similar to those of the breaststroke, but the legs are turned upward and away from the body.


The sidestroke is a basic swimming stroke that combines arms and legs in a rhythmic movement. The arms are positioned in front of the body, while the legs are kept slightly under the water. The arms alternately move forward and back, and are timed to create continuous propulsion. The breath is done by turning the head to either side during the recovery phase of each arm. It is a fundamental swimming stroke, and has been used in racing events for over a century.

The sidestroke is a variation of the backstroke, in that it is asymmetrical. This helps conserve energy in the body. The upper arm of a sidestroke swimmer is the left arm, while the lower arm is the right arm. The leading arm extends forward and backward, while the trailing arm extends out from the side, behind the body.

The sidestroke is a powerful swimming style that is used to cover longer distances. It is often a life-saving stroke, as it provides a high degree of efficiency while remaining relatively easy. It can be particularly useful during extended open water swims. To master the sidestroke, practice this technique with a knowledgeable swimming teacher.

In addition to backstroke and butterfly, the sidestroke is one of the most popular and competitive swimming strokes. The butterfly and freestyle are fast and powerful, so they require a lot of energy. These two strokes are the favorites of Michael Phelps, and are used by lifeguards. Another advantage of the sidestroke is that the head remains above the water, allowing the swimmer to breathe naturally.

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